Describe and explain the importance of culture in defining regions in a continental/sub-continental region you have studied. (30 marks)
- India is a subcontinental region with a population of 1.3 Billion.
- The country gained independence from Britain in 1947.
- India possesses a cultural diversity due to the migration of Indo-European people, British colonialism and the spread of Islam through trading routes.
- 18 official languages (up to 1650 minor languages).
- Official language = Hindi and 41% of pop. speak this.
- English is largely spoken by the educated.
- Language is considered a strong expression of culture, so India’s diversity when it comes to languages has caused cultural conflict.
- Most popular religion = Hinduism (introduces by migrants from Africa/Asia).
- Hinduism is based on a caste system (this is a layered society whereby the wealthy are placed at the top layer and poor are placed on the bottom layer. One cannot move between social layers).
- Some other religions include Buddhism (est. 6th Century and most live in South and North-East regions), Islam (est. 10th Century and most live in Northern regions) and Christianity (est. during British colonialism has few members).
- In 1947, post independence, the Indian sub-content split on religious grounds.
- Two separate states were established: India (Hindu) and Pakistan (Islamic).
- A political boundary (like the one in Ireland) was difficult to establish.
- Many people attached to minority religions were left in both countries.
- This political/religious split led to violence and ultimately influenced the migration of up to 14 million people.
When has the Culture of a Region Last Come Up in the Leaving Cert?
- 2010 Q4C
- 2008 Q5C
- 2007 Q5C
- 2006 Q5C
*As always, don’t hesitate to ask any questions you may have via the Lee Tutorials Instagram page.